malcolm x movie. In the searing pages of this classic autobiography, originally published in , Malcolm X, the Muslim leader, firebrand, and anti-integrationist, tells the. Malcolm X zählt zu den bekanntesten und umstrittensten Personen der amerikanischen Geschichte. Gnadenlos prangerte er den weißen Rassismus seiner Zeit.
Hintergrund aktuellNachdem ich mich mit Malcolm X schon etwas beschäftigt hatte, fand ich als neuen Aspekt spannend, dass sich die Beiden trotz aller Differenzen gegenseitig. Am Februar wurde der politische Aktivist Malcolm X bei einem öffentlichen Auftritt in New York erschossen. Er war einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der. Martin Luther King und Malcolm X, die beiden in den er Jahren ermordeten Ikonen der Bürgerrechtsbewegung, gelten bis heute als zwei der berühmtesten.
Malcolm X Early years and conversion to Islam VideoMalcolm X first interview for British TV (1963)
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I believe in human beings, and that all human beings should be respected as such, regardless of their color. The most disrespected person in America is the black woman.
The most unprotected person in America is the black woman. The most neglected person in America is the black woman. You and I have never seen democracy; all we've seen is hypocrisy.
Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today. It"s good to keep wide-open ears and listen to what everybody else has to say, but when you come to make a decision, you have to weigh all of what you"ve heard on its own, and place it where it belongs, and come to a decision for yourself; you"ll never regret it.
But if you form the habit of taking what someone else says about a thing without checking it out for yourself, you"ll find that other people will have you hating your friends and loving your enemies.
If you form the habit of taking what someone else says about a thing without checking it out for yourself, you'll find that other people will have you hating your friends and loving your enemies.
Just as a tree without roots is dead, a people without history or cultural roots also becomes a dead people. Learn to see, listen, and think for yourself.
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Malcolm X. Hate , Lying , Media. Light , Understanding , Unity. Wisdom , Powerful , Print Media. Book by Dr. Jawara D. King, p. Intelligent , Thinking , People.
Motivational , Wise , Men. Healing , America , Ethnicity. People , Devil , Criminals. Malcolm X's speech at the Oxford Union debate December 3, as quoted in Saladin Ambar "Malcolm X at Oxford Union: Racial Politics in a Global Era" p.
Feet , America , World. Community , Wellness , Togetherness. There, he meets Muhammad, who instructs Malcolm to replace his surname "Little" with "X", which is symbolic of his lost African surname that was taken from him by white people; he is rechristened as "Malcolm X".
Malcolm returns to Harlem and begins to preach the Nation's message. Over time, his speeches gather large crowds of onlookers. Malcolm proposes ideas such as African-American separation from white Americans.
In , Malcolm meets nurse Betty Sanders. The two begin dating, quickly marry and become the parents of four daughters.
Several years later, Malcolm is now in a high position as the spokesperson of the Nation of Islam. During this time, Malcolm learns that Muhammad had fathered numerous children out of wedlock in contradiction to his teachings and Islam.
After US President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in November , Malcolm comments that the assassination was the product of the white violence that has been prevalent in America since its founding, comparing the killing to "the chickens coming home to roost.
In early , Malcolm goes on a pilgrimage to Mecca where he finds that Muslims come from all races, including white.
Malcolm, having lost his faith in the Nation of Islam, publicly announces that is founding the Organization of Afro-American Unity , which teaches tolerance instead of racial separation.
He is exiled from the Nation of Islam, and his house is firebombed in early On February 21, , Malcolm prepares to speak before a crowd at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem before he is shot several times by disciples of the Nation of Islam.
One of the shooters, Thomas Hagan , is shot in the leg by one of Malcolm's bodyguards and beaten by a furious crowd. Malcolm is transported to a hospital, but is pronounced dead on arrival.
The film concludes with a series of clips showing the aftermath of Malcolm's death. Martin Luther King Jr. Nelson Mandela delivers a speech to a school, quoting an excerpt from one of Malcolm's speeches.
Political activists Bobby Seale and Al Sharpton make cameo appearances as a pair of street preachers. Civil rights attorney William Kunstler appears as the judge who sentences Malcolm and Shorty to prison.
Future South African President Nelson Mandela appears as a Soweto school teacher delivering a lecture on X. Spike Lee regular Nicholas Turturro has a minor role as a Boston police officer.
Michael Imperioli has a brief appearance as a news reporter. Film director John Sayles appears as an FBI agent surveilling Malcolm.
Washington's then-eight-year-old son John David Washington appears as a Harlem elementary school student. John David would later go on to star in Lee's film BlacKkKlansman.
Ossie Davis provides voiceover narration over the film's closing sequence, reading the eulogy he had originally performed at the real Malcolm's funeral.
Producer Marvin Worth acquired the rights to The Autobiography of Malcolm X in Worth had met Malcolm X, then called "Detroit Red," as a teenager selling drugs in New York City.
Worth was fifteen at the time, and spending time around jazz clubs in the area. As Worth remembers: "He was selling grass.
He was sixteen or seventeen but looked older. He was very witty, a funny guy, and he had this extraordinary charisma.
A great dancer and a great dresser. He was very good-looking, very, very tall. Girls always noticed him. He was quite a special guy. Early on, the production had difficulties telling the entire story, in part due to unresolved questions surrounding Malcolm X's assassination.
In , Worth made a well-received documentary, Malcolm X , which received an Academy Award nomination in that category. The project remained unrealized.
However, several major entertainers were attached to it at various times, including Richard Pryor , Eddie Murphy , and director Sidney Lumet. In , Worth commissioned a screenplay from novelist James Baldwin , who was later joined by Arnold Perl , a screenwriter who had been a victim of McCarthy -era blacklisting.
Perl died in Baldwin developed his work on the screenplay into the book One Day, When I Was Lost: A Scenario Based on Alex Haley's The Autobiography of Malcolm X.
In , Baldwin wrote of his experience, "I think that I would rather be horsewhipped, or incarcerated in the forthright bedlam of Bellevue, than repeat the adventure".
Several authors attempted drafts, including David Mamet , David Bradley , Charles Fuller and Calder Willingham. Due to the revisions, the Baldwin family asked the producer to take his name off the credits.
Thus Malcolm X only credits Perl and Lee as the writers and Malcolm X and Alex Haley as the authors of The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The production was considered controversial long before filming began.
The crux of the controversy was Malcolm X's denunciation of whites before he undertook his hajj. He was, arguably, not well regarded among white citizens by and large; however, he had risen to become a hero in the African-American community and a symbol of blacks' struggles, particularly during the presidencies of Ronald Reagan and George H.
In the three years before the movie's release, sales of The Autobiography of Malcolm X had increased percent, and four of his books had a nine-fold increase in sales between and Once Warner Bros.
Jewison, director of the seminal civil rights film In the Heat of the Night , was able to bring Denzel Washington into the project to play Malcolm X.
Jewison and Washington previously worked together in the film A Soldier's Story. A protest erupted over the fact that a white director was slated to make the film.
Lee and others felt that it was appropriate that only a black person should direct Malcolm X. After the public outcry against Jewison, Worth came to the conclusion that "it needed a black director at this point.
It was insurmountable the other way There's a grave responsibility here. Lee confirmed Jewison's position, stating, "If Norman actually thought he could do it, he would have really fought me.
But he bowed out gracefully. Spike Lee was soon named the director, and he made substantial changes to the script. But it's not like I'm sitting atop a mountain saying, 'Screw everyone, this is the Malcolm I see.
One protest in Harlem drew over people. Although Washington agreed to play Malcolm X while Norman Jewison was scheduled to direct the film, Lee stated he never envisioned any actor other than Washington in the role.
The two had previously worked together on Mo' Better Blues , and Lee noted that Washington had "really captured Malcolm" in his Off Broadway performance as him.
Spike Lee also encountered difficulty in securing a sufficient budget. Hear ye! Vote for most unfair Best Picture verdict!
Nominated for 2 Oscars. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Denzel Washington Malcolm X Angela Bassett Betty Shabazz Albert Hall Baines Al Freeman Jr.
Elijah Muhammad Delroy Lindo West Indian Archie Spike Lee Shorty Theresa Randle Laura Kate Vernon Sophia Lonette McKee Louise Little Tommy Hollis Earl Little James McDaniel Brother Earl Ernest Thomas Sidney Jean-Claude La Marre Benjamin 2X as Jean LaMarre O.
Pete Larry McCoy Edit Storyline Biograpical epic of Malcolm X, the legendary African American leader.
Edit Did You Know? Trivia Tracee Ellis Ross auditioned for a role in this film but never landed a role. However, the experience was positive enough to prompt her to change her major to Theater at Brown University.
Goofs When Malcolm goes on his hajj, he supposedly lands in Saudi Arabia, which is where Mecca is located. However, he takes a side trip to see the Pyramids and the Sphinx which are in Egypt, with no indication of separate travel back and forth other than camels.
The distance between Mecca and Giza is roughly miles. Quotes [ first lines ] Announcer : In the name of Allah the merciful, all praises due to Allah, Lord of all the worlds.
The one God to whom praise is due forever. The one who came to us in the person of Master Fard Muhammad and raised up the Honorable Elijah Muhammad.
Crowd : Alaikum-salaam! Announcer : How do you feel? Crowd : Good! Announcer : Who do we want to hear? Crowd : Malcolm X!
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Gallen, David, ed. Malcolm X: As They Knew Him. Goldman, Peter Urbana, Ill.Malcolm, Sophia, Malcolm's friend Shorty, and a woman named Peg decide to perform robberies to earn money. Smithsonian Magazine. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Tv Spielfilm Kinder proved controversial. Kennedy's Law Day Address Freedom Rides Der Eisbär Garner v. Lawrence Mail Ru Mobile. Malcolm X and Africa. It cost me 12 years. The mother is the first teacher of the child. Vivian Wyatt Tee Walker Hollis Watkins Walter Francis White Roy Wilkins Hosea Williams Kale Williams Robert F. Malcolm X Follow Unfollow. As an adult, he expressed conflicting beliefs on Wann Ist Der Nächste Prime Day question. Further information: Beliefs and theology of the Nation of Islam. Black Power Deacons for Defense and Justice W.